buddha surrounded with flowers

Five Kleshas (Mental States ) in Chinese Buddhism

Kleshas, in Buddhism, are mental states that cloud the mind and manifest in unwholesome actions. Kleshas include states of mind such as anxiety, fear, anger, jealousy, desire, depression, etc.

In the Mahayana tradition, the five main kleshas are referred to as the five poisons.

The five poisons consist of the three poisons (attachment, aversion, and ignorance) with two additional poisons: pride and envy. How to express these concepts in Chinese?

Five poisons-五毒-五毒-wǔ dú
Five poisons-五毒-五毒-wǔ dú
Attachment -貪-贪-tān
Attachment -貪-贪-tān
Aversion-瞋-瞋-chēn
Aversion-瞋-瞋-chēn
Ignorance-癡-痴-chī
Ignorance-癡-痴-chī
Pride-慢-慢-màn
Pride-慢-慢-màn
Envy-疑-疑-yí
Envy-疑-疑-yí

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