HSK Band 3 Grammar

New HSK Test 3.0 Grammar Band 3

In March 2021, Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China released the new Chinese Proficiency Grading Standards for International Chinese Language Education. The new standards have been officially implemented on July 1, 2021.

HSK Official has announced that the new HSK test 3.0 will be divided into three levels and nine bands. Lists for both grammar and vocabulary are updated too.

Elementary: Band 1-3
Intermediate: Band 4-6
Advanced: Band 7-9

This post lists the New HSK Test 3.0 Grammar Band 3:

HSKChinesePinyinEnglishSentenceSentence PinyinSentence Translation
3V 好V hǎodone V-ing饭还没做好,请你等一会儿。fàn hái méi zuò hǎo, qǐng nǐděng
yīhuìr。
The food is not cooked yet, please
wait awhile.
3一 + M + N + 也/都+ 不 + Vyī + M + N + yě/
dōu + bù + V
not V even one N我一个苹果也不吃。wǒ yī gè píngguǒ yě bù chī。I’m not eating any apples. (Lit. I
don’t eat even one apple.)
3so then你不去,那我也不去了。nǐ bù qù, nà wǒ yě bù qù le。[If] you don’t go, then I won’t go
either.
3那也nà yěbut stillA: 我早就复习好了。B: 那也不能一直玩儿啊。A: wǒ zǎojiù fùxí hǎole。B: nà yě bùnéng yīzhí wánr ā。A: I’ve done my reviewed a long time ago already.
B: But still [you] shouldn’t be playing all the time.
3V1了就 V2V1 le jiù V2V2 as soon as V1爸爸回来了我们就吃饭。bàba huílai le wǒmen jiù chīfàn。We’ll eat when dad comes back.
3V 来/去V lái/ qù(complements of
direction)
我们在楼上等你呢,你上来吧。wǒmen zài lóushàng děng nǐ ne,
nǐ shànglái ba。
We are upstairs waiting, please
come up.
3V somewhere 来/去V somewhere lái/
(complements of
direction)
朋友回家去了。péngyou huíjiā qù le。[My] friend went back home.
3V O 来/去V O lái/ qù(complements of
direction)
明天要带作业来。míngtiān yào dài zuòyè lái。You need to bring [your] homework
tomorrow.
3V 来/去 OV lái/ qù O(complements of
direction)
明天要带来作业。míngtiān yào dàilái zuòyè。Bring [your] homework tomorrow.
3能......吗?néng...... ma?how can you...?你不做作业,也不练习,能学好汉语吗?nǐ bù zuò zuòyè, yě bù liànxí,
néng xuéhǎo Hànyǔ ma?
You don't do [your] homework, don't
practice, how can you [possibly]
learn Chinese well?
3N1 还是 N2 ?N1 háishi N2 ?N1 or N2 ?你要喝咖啡还是喝茶?nǐ yào hē kāfēi háishi hē chá?Do you want coffee or tea?
3N1 或者 N2N1 huòzhě N2either N1 or N21天冷了或者工作累了的时候,喝杯热茶很舒服。tiānlěng le huòzhě gōngzuò lèi le de
shíhou, hē bēi rèchá hěn shūfu。
When the weather is cold or when
you’re tired from work, it is very
comfortable to drink a cup of hot
tea.
3N1 还是 N2N1 háishi N2N1 or N2 (in question-
like clauses)
我还没想好去爬山还是去看电影。wǒ hái méi xiǎng hǎoqù páshān
háishi qù kàn diànyǐng。
I haven't decided whether to go
hiking or to go to the movies.
3PLACE + V + 着 + NPLACE + V + zhe +
N
There is N V’ed in
PLACE.
桌子上放着一杯咖啡。zhuōzi shàng fàng zhe yī bēi kāfēi。There is a cup of coffee placed on
the table.
3PLACE + 没 + V +
着 + N
PLACE + méi + V +
zhe + N
There is not N V’ed in
PLACE.
桌子上没放着咖啡。zhuōzi shàng méi fàng zhe kāfēi。There was no coffee placed on the
table.
3会 + V / A + (的)huì + V / A + ( de)will V, will be A你穿得那么少,会感冒的。nǐ chuān dé nàme shǎo, huì
gǎnmào de。
You wear so little, you will catch a
cold.
3又......又......yòu...... yòu......not only... but also...这个⻄瓜又大又甜。zhège xīguā yòu dà yòu tián。This watermelon is big and sweet.
3V1 + 着 + V2V1 + zhe + V2V1-ing while V2-ing弟弟吃着苹果写作业。dìdi chī zhe píngguǒ xiě zuòyè。The younger brother is doing
homework while eating [an] apple.
3A 了A lebecome A昨天吃了感冒药,现在好一些了。zuótiān chī le gǎnmàoyào, xiànzài
hǎo yīxiē le。
I took flu medicine yesterday, and
I’m better now.
3V 了V le(didn’t V but) now V现在我可以穿漂亮的裙子了。xiànzài wǒ kěyǐ chuān piàoliang de
qúnzi le。
Now I can wear a beautiful dress.
3越来越 + A + (了)yuèláiyuè + A + ( le)more and more A你最近越来越帅了。nǐ zuìjìn yuèláiyuè shuài le。You’re more and more handsome
these days.
3V + 得 + RESULTV + dé + RESULTcan V to RESULT我看得清楚那个汉字。wǒ kàn dé qīngchu nàge hànzì。I can see the Chinese character
clearly.
3V + 得 +
DIRECTION
V + dé +
DIRECTION
can V to DIRECTION楼这么高,你上得来吗?lóu zhème gāo, nǐ shàng dé lái
ma?
The building is so high, are you able
to come up?
3V + 不 + resultV + bù + resultcannot V to RESULT我找不到好饭馆。wǒ zhǎobudào hǎo fànguǎn。I can't seek out a good restaurant.
3V + 不 + directionV + bù + directioncannot V to
DIRECTION
楼太高了,我上不去。lóu tài gāo le, wǒ shàng bù qù。The building is too high, I can't go
up.
3N 呢?N ne?where is N?你的书呢?nǐ de shū ne?Where is your book?
3刚 Vgāng Vjust V儿子刚做完作业。érzi gāng zuòwán zuòyè。The son just finished his homework.
3刚才gāngcáimoments ago刚才儿子在做作业。gāngcái érzi zài zuò zuòyè。My son is doing homework
moments ago.
3V + 了 + DURATION
+ O
V + le + DURATION
+ O
V’ed O for
DURATION
我们坐了一个小时公共汽⻋。wǒmen zuò le yī gè xiǎoshí
gōnggòngqìchē。
We took a bus for an hour.
3V + 了 + DURATION
+ O + 了
V + le + DURATION
+ O + le
have been V-ing O
for DURATION
我学习了一年汉语了。wǒ xuéxí le yī nián Hànyǔ le。I have studied Chinese for a year.
3对 N 感兴趣/有兴趣duì N gǎnxìngqù/
yǒuxìngqù
interested in N他们对中国电影感兴趣。tāmen duì Zhōngguó diànyǐng
gǎnxìngqù。
They are interested in Chinese
movies.
3对 N 没兴趣duì N méi xìngqùnot interested in N他们对中国电影没兴趣。tāmen duì Zhōngguó diànyǐng méi
xìngqù。
They are not interested in Chinese
movies.
3bànhalf hour现在七点半。xiànzài qī diǎn bàn。It’s half past seven.
3一刻yī kèquarter hour (when
telling time)
现在七点一刻。xiànzài qī diǎn yī kè。Now it’s quarter past seven.
3一刻钟yī kè zhōngquarter hour
(duration)
你迟到了一刻钟。nǐ chí dàoliǎo yī kè zhōng。You are late for 15 minutes.
3差 (chà)chà (chà)to (when telling time)已经差一刻八点了!yǐjīng chà yī kè bā diǎn le!It’s already a quarter to eight!
3再 Vzài Vagain (later)我明天还要再去看看。wǒ míngtiān hái yào zài qù
kànkan。
I will go see it again tomorrow.
3又 Vyòu V(did) again你今天怎么又迟到了?nǐ jīntiān zěnme yòu chí dàoliǎo?Why are you late again today?
3S + Q1 + 就 + Q2S + Q1 + jiù + Q2(S acts in a way so that the answer to Q1 is the same as the answer to Q2.)我想喝什么就喝什么。wǒ xiǎng hē shénme jiù hē shénme。I drink whatever I want to drink.
3S1 + Q + S2 + 就 + QS1 + Q + S2 + jiù +
Q
(S2 acts in a way that
the answer to Q is
true for both S1 and
S2.)
你喝什么我就喝什么。nǐ hē shénme wǒ jiù hē shénme。I drink whatever you drink.
3越 V1/A1 越 V2/A2yuè V1/A1 yuè V2/
A2
the more V1/A1 the
more V2/A2
我们越聊越开心。wǒmen yuè liáo yuè kāixīn。The more we chat, the more joyous
we are.
3N1 跟 N2 一样N1 gēn N2 yīyàngN1 is like N2你的眼睛跟大熊猫一样。nǐ de yǎnjing gēn dàxióngmāo
yīyàng。
Your eyes are like pandas’ [eyes].
3N1 跟 N2 一样 AN1 gēn N2 yīyàng AN1 is as A as N2儿子跟爸爸一样高。érzi gēn bàba yīyàng gāo。The son is as tall as his father.
3没有 N (这么/那么)Améiyǒu N ( zhème/
nàme) A
not as A as N我的汉语没有他那么好。wǒ de Hànyǔ méiyǒu tā nàme hǎo。My Chinese is not as good as his.
3A 一点儿/一些A yīdiǎnr/ yīxiēA little more A大山比大卫矮一点儿。Dàshān bǐ Dàwèi ǎi yīdiǎnr。Dashan is a little shorter than
David.
3A 得多/多了A dé duō/ duō lemuch more A今天的作业比昨天多得多。jīntiān de zuòyè bǐ zuótiān duō dé
duō。
Today's homework is much more
than yesterday’s.
3# #+1# #+1# or #+1我每天学习一两个小时汉语。wǒ měitiān xuéxí yī liǎng gè xiǎoshí
Hànyǔ。
I study Chinese for one or two
hours a day.
3把 + O + V + 了bǎ + O + V + leV’ed the O我把钱包忘了。wǒ bǎ qiánbāo wàng le。I forgot my/the wallet.
3不要/别/没把 + O +V + 了bùyào/ bié/ méi bǎ
+ O + V + le
don’t/don’t/haven’t
V’ed the O
别把手机忘了。bié bǎshǒu jī wàng le。Don't forget your/the phone.
3# 左右# zuǒyòuapproximately #周末我一般十点左右起床。zhōumò wǒ yībān shí diǎn zuǒyòu
qǐchuáng。
I usually get up at around 10
o'clock on weekends.
3就 V/Ajiù V/Ajust (better than
expected)
坐⻜机一个小时就到了。zuòfēijī yī gè xiǎoshí jiù dàoliǎo。It takes only an hour to get there by
plane.
3才 V/Acái V/Ajust (worse than
expected)
你怎么才来?nǐ zěnme cái lái?How come you only came just
now? (Why are you so late?)
3把 + O + V + 在/到 +
PLACE
bǎ + O + V + zài/
dào + PLACE
V’d the O to PLACE我把照片放在你包里了。wǒ bǎ zhàopiàn fàng zài nǐ bāo lǐ
le。
I put the photo in your bag.
3V + motion V + 来/
V + motion V + lái/
(compound
complements of
direction)
明天我们一起把礼物送过去。míngtiān wǒmen yīqǐ bǎ lǐwù sòng
guòqu。
Let's send the gift over together
tomorrow.
3一边 + V1 + 一边 +V2yībiān + V1 + yībiān
+ V2
V1 while V2他一边唱歌一边跳舞。tā yībiān chànggē yībiān tiàowǔ。He sang while he danced.
3把 + O + V + resultbǎ + O + V + resultV the O until RESULT我把衣服洗干净了。wǒ bǎ yīfu xǐ gānjìng le。I washed my clothes clean.
3把 + O + V +
direction
bǎ + O + V +
direction
V the O to
DIRECTION
他把水果拿过来了。tā bǎ shuǐguǒ ná guòlái le。He took the fruit over.
3先......再/又......然后......xiān...... zài/yòu...... ránhòu......First, then, then, ...我先坐了公共汽⻋,又坐了地铁,然后才到小刚家。 wǒ xiān zuò le gōnggòngqìchē,yòu zuò le dìtiě, ránhòu cái dào xiǎo gāng jiā。 I first took the bus, then took the subway, and then went to Xiaogang's house.
3除了 N 以外chúle N yǐwàiexcept N除了这个汉字以外,别的我都认识。chúle zhège hànzì yǐwài, biéde wǒ
dōu rènshi。
Except for this Chinese character, I
know everything else.
3除了......(以外),还......chúle......( yǐwài),
hái......
not only..., but
also...
上网除了看新闻(以外),还可以听音乐。shàngwǎng chúle kàn
xīnwén( yǐwài), hái kěyǐ tīng
yīnyuè。
In addition to watching the news,
you can listen to music too.
3什么shénmeany周末你有什么打算吗?zhōumò nǐ yǒu shénme dǎsuàn ma?Do you have any plans for the
weekend?
3A 极了A jíleextremely A今天天气冷极了。jīntiān tiānqì lěng jíle。The weather is extremely cold
today.
3如果......(的话),
就......
rúguǒ......( dehuà),
jiù......
if ..., then...如果你太累的话,就休息一会儿。rúguǒ nǐ tài lèi dehuà, jiù xiūxi
yīhuìr。
If you are too tired, take a break.
3A + 得 + CLAUSEA + dé + CLAUSEso A that + CLAUSE儿子累得下了班就睡觉了。érzi lèi dé xià le bān jiù shuìjiào le。The son was so tired that he went
to sleep as soon as he got off work.
3A + A + 的A + A + deA (with
characteristics)
她鼻子小小的,头发黑黑的。tā bízi xiǎoxiǎo de, tóufa hēi hēi
de。
Her nose is teeny tiny and her hair
is black.
3V + VV + VV for a bit我带你去医院检查检查吧。wǒ dài nǐ qù yīyuàn jiǎnchá jiǎnchá
ba。
Let me take you to the hospital for
to check up a bit.
3Q + 都Q + dōuQ-ever小刚什么都喜欢吃。xiǎo gāng shénme dōu xǐhuan chī。Xiao Gang likes to eat anything (lit.
whatever).
3只要......就......zhǐyào...... jiù......as long as只要我有时间,就一定跟你去旅游。zhǐyào wǒ yǒu shíjiān, jiù yīdìng
gēn nǐ qù lǚyóu。
As long as I have time, I will
definitely travel with you.
3关于guānyúabout关于这件事,我们还没有决定呢。guānyú zhè jiàn shì, wǒmen hái
méiyǒu juédìng ne。
We have not decided on this matter
yet.
3V + 出来V + chūláiV and produce an
outcome
这个字你能写出来吗?zhège zì nǐ néng xiě chūlái ma?Can you write (out) this word?
3V + 出来V + chūláiV and recognize你听出来了吗?这是谁的声音?nǐ tīng chūlái le ma? zhè shì shéi
de shēngyīn?
After listening, did you recognize
[it]? Whose voice is this?
3V + 下来V + xiàlaiV down我真希望时间能慢下来。wǒ zhēn xīwàng shíjiān néng màn
xiàlai。
I really hope that time can slow
down.
3想起来xiǎngqilaito recall我想不起来他的名字了。wǒ xiǎng bù qilai tā de míngzi le。I can't think of (lit. think up) his
name.
3看起来/看上去kànqǐlái/
kànshangqu
to seem他看上去/看起来像40多岁。tā kànshangqu/ kànqǐlái xiàng40
duō suì。
He looks like he is in his 40s.
3使/叫/让 + O + A/Vshǐ/ jiào/ ràng + O +
A/V
make O A/V读书使/叫/让我快乐。dúshū shǐ/ jiào/ ràng wǒ kuàilè。Reading makes me happy.
3O + 被/叫/让 + S +
V
O + bèi/ jiào/ ràng +
S + V
O is V’ed by S我的照相机被/叫/让谁拿走了?wǒ de zhàoxiàngjī bèi/ jiào/ ràng
shéi názǒu le?
My camera was taken by who?
3O + 不/没 + 被/叫/让
+ S + V
O + bù/ méi + bèi/
jiào/ ràng + S + V
O is not V’ed by S问题还没有被解决呢。wèntí hái méiyǒu bèi jiějué ne。The problem has not been solved
yet.

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