flavored juices in a glass of bottle

Chinese Measure Words that You must Know

Measure words,or classifiers, in Chinese are used before every noun. Most of Chinese measure words are not difficult to some aspects of the language. And the use of the measure words is often based on the noun’s shape, characteristic, container, or common use.

Many Chinese learners, especially the beginners, often use “个” as their preference. It is indeed a general measure word, but not for everything. Here is a list containing 100 measure words for you to learn more about the use of the very commonly used Chinese measure words.

Classified WordPinyinUsed forExamplePinyin of ExampleMeaning of Example
people or objects一个人yī gè réna person
kuàipieces of cloth, cake, soap, etc.; money and currency units (colloquial)一块蛋糕yī kuài dàngāoa piece of cake
zhībirds and certain animals, one of a pair, some utensils, boats, etc.一只鸟yī zhī niǎoa bird
běnbooks, parts of a serial, etc.一本书yī běn shūa book
liàngvehicles一辆车yī liàng chēa car
píngquantity contained in a bottle, vase, jar or flask一瓶啤酒yī píng píjiǔa bottle of beer
bēicertain containers of liquids: glass, cup一杯水yī bēi shuǐa glass of water
shuāngpairs (of shoes, socks, chopsticks, etc.)一双袜子yī shuāng wàzia pair of socks
jiànclothes, events, things, etc.一件衣服yī jiàn yīfúa piece of clothing
zhāngflat objects and sheets (bed, desk, paper, etc.); certain body parts (face, mouth)一张纸yī zhāng zhǐa piece of paper
wǎnmeasurement of food and drink (bowl)一碗饭yī wǎn fàna bowl of rice
zhǒngtypes, kinds, sorts一种动物yī zhǒng dòngwùa type of animal
horses, mules; bolts of cloth一匹马yī pǐ mǎa horse
tóucertain domestic animals (cattles, mules, pigs, etc.); garlic一头猪yī tóu zhūa pig
tiáolong, narrow or thin objects (ribbon, river, road, trousers, etc.)一条鱼yī tiáo yúa fish
wèipeople (courteous)一位女士yī wèi nǚshìa lady
xiàngitemized things (clauses, tasks, research projects, etc.)一项项目yī xiàng xiàngmùa project
míngpeople一名学生yī míng xuéshēnga student
xiēa small amount or small number (greater than one)一些东西yī xiē dōngxīsome things
jiāfamilies or business establishments一家公司yī jiā gōngsīa company
点(儿)diǎn('er)a little; a bit; some一点儿纸some paper
chángrecreational, sports or other activities一场球赛yī chǎng qiúsàia ball game; a match
sentences一句话yī jù huàa sentence
duànstories, periods of time, lengths of thread, etc. (a section, segment or part)一段时间yī duàn shíjiāna period of time
fènspoken form of fractions and percentages; minutes; various units of measure三分之一sān fēn zhī yīone-third
chùplaces, occurrences or activities in different places; items of damage (spot, point)两处错误liǎng chù cuòwùtwo mistakes
piànslices, tablets, tracts of land, areas of water; CDs, movies, DVDs; scenes, feelings, atmospheres, etc.一片土地yī piàn tǔdìa stretch of land
tàobooks, furniture, rooms, methods, remarks (a set, suit or suite)一套书yī tào shūa set of books
zuòmountains, buildings and other immovable objects一座山yī zuò shāna mountain
works of literature, films, machines, etc.一部电影yī bù diànyǐnga film
written items一则广告yī zé guǎnggàoan advertisement
cénglayers, stratums (a storey, a floor)一层灰尘yī céng huīchéna layer of dust
yàngkind, type两样点心liǎng yàng diǎnxīntwo types of pastries
qúnpeople or animals (a group, herd, flock or pack)一群人yī qún réna crowd of people
jièevents, meetings, elections, sporting fixtures, years (of graduation)一届论坛yī jiè lùntána forum (for discussion)
zhīlong, thin, inflexible objects (pens, guns); rods; army divisions; songs or compositions一支笔yī zhī bǐa pen
batches, lots, groups一批学生yī pī xuéshēnga group of students
piānpaper, book leaves, written items, articles, etc. (sheet, leaf, piece)一篇文章yī piān wénzhāngan article
fānactions, deeds; occurances (of an event, action or speech utterance); situations (kind, sort)一番功夫yī fān gōngfūa lot of effort
smells, smoke, etc. (puff, whiff); sudden, forceful actions; long winding things (ropes, rivers); bands of people一股香味yī gǔ xiāngwèia whiff of fragrance
shǒusongs and poems一首歌yī shǒu gēa song
shēngsounds一声炮响yī shēng pào xiǎngthe sound of a canon
roundish objects (small spheres, pearls, corn grains, teeth, hearts, satellites, etc.)一颗星星yī kē xīngxīnga star
sets, series, groups of people, batteries一组学生yī zǔ xuéshēnga group of students
zhǎnlamps一盏灯yī zhǎn dēnga lamp
kǒuthings with mouths (people, domestic animals, cannons, wells, etc.)一家三口人yī jiā sān kǒu réna family of three
objects with handles; small objects (a handful); certain abstract concepts一把刀yī bǎ dāoa knife
jiānrooms; sections of rooms一间卧室yī jiàn wòshìa bedroom
sums of money, financial accounts, debts, deals, etc.一笔钱yī bǐ qiána sum of money
suǒhouses, small buildings, institutions, etc. (schools, hospitals, etc.)一所学校yī suǒ xuéxiàoa school
duìpair, couple一对夫妇yī duì fūfùa married couple
gēnlong, thin objects (cigarettes, guitar strings, etc.)一根头发yī gēn tóufǎa strand of hair
textiles or pictures一幅画yī fú huàa painting
chūdramas, plays, operas, etc.一出戏yī chū xìa play; an opera
dàolong, narrow objects; doors, walls; orders, questions; courses in a meal, stages in a procedure, etc.一道题yī dào tía question (on a test)
people (group; batch)一拨人yī bō réna group of people
duìfiles, lines or rows一队战士yī duì zhànshìa file of soldiers
duīheaps or piles; crowds一堆垃圾yī duī lājīa pile of rubbish
zhènevents or states of short duration一阵掌声yī zhèn zhǎngshēnga burst of applause
miànflat things or surfaces (drums, mirrors, flags); the number of times people meet each other一面镜子yī miàn jìngzia mirror
táimachinery, apparatus, instruments, etc.; a complete stage performance一台电脑yī tái diànnǎoa computer
games (match, set, round, etc.)一局棋yī jú qía game of chess
plants一棵树yī kē shùa tree
small box, case一盒糖果yī hé tángguǒa box of candy
households or families一户人家yī hù rénjiāa household
dònghouses or buildings一栋楼yī dòng lóua building
jiésegments (lessons, train wagons, biblical verses, etc.)一节课yī jié kèa class (period)
fēngsealed objects (letters or other things in envelopes)一封信yī fēng xìna letter
bāna group of people; a trip by bus, boat, etc.下一班火车xià yī bān huǒchēthe next train
pánfood (dish, helping); coils of wire; games of chess一盘菜yī pán càia plate of food
pairs, sets of things and facial expressions一副笑脸yī fù xiàoliǎna smiling face
tàngtimes, round trips or rows这趟火车zhè tàng huǒchēthis train
kuǎnversions or models (of a product)一款新鞋子yī kuǎn xīn xiézia new style of shoe
tuánlumps or soft masses (wad of paper, ball of wool, cloud or smoke)一团面yī tuán miàna lump of dough
shùbunches, bundles, beams of light, etc.一束花yī shù huāa bunch of flowers
ménsubjects of study or fields of technical training一门外语yī mén wàiyǔa foreign language
jiàmachines, airplanes and instrument which rest on a tripod or stand一架飞机yī jià fēijīan airplane
dùnmeals, beatings, scoldings, etc. (time, bout, spell, meal)一顿饭yī dùn fàna meal
walls一堵墙yī dǔ qiánga wall
bottled liquid (kettle, pot, bottle, flask)一壶茶yī hú cháa pot of tea
duǒflowers and clouds一朵花yī duǒ huāa flower
páilines, rows一排椅子yī pái yǐzia row of chairs
fènshares, parts or portions (of a whole); copies (of documents, newspapers, periodicals, etc.)一份报纸yī fèn bàozhǐa newspaper
devices, coffins or dead bodies一具尸体yī jù shītǐa corpse
bāopackages, bundles or sacks一包大米yī bāo dàmǐa sack of rice
guànjars, pots or tins一罐葡萄酱yī guàn pútáo jiànga jar of grape jam
grainlike things; small round things (peas, bullets, peanuts, pills, grains, etc.)一粒米yī lì mǐa grain of rice
juànsmall rolled things (wad of paper money, movie reel, spool, etc.)一卷卫生纸yī juàn wèishēngzhǐa roll of toilet paper
tángclasses, lectures, etc.; sets of furniture一堂课yī táng kèa class
occurrences or unpredictable events (case, instance); groups (batch, group)一起交通事故yī qǐ jiāotōng shìgùa car accident
zhīflowers with stems intact; sticks, rods, pencils, etc.一枝梅花yī zhī méihuāa spray of plum blossoms
zhūplants and small trees; seedlings一株树苗yī zhū shùmiáoa sapling
lúnbig round objects (disk, sun, moon); recurring events (round, turn)一轮会谈yī lún huìtána round of talks
zhuōtables of guests at a banquet; table; tableful两桌客人liǎng zhuō kèréntwo tables of guests
tǒngbuckets, pails, cans, barrels, tubs, kegs一桶油yī tǒng yóua barrel of oil
drops一滴水yī dī shuǐa drop of water
chuàna string of things (string, bunch, cluster)一串珠子yī chuàn zhūzia string of beads
lièa series or row of things一列火车yī liè huǒchēa train
xiānglarge boxes, cases, trunks一箱纸yī xiāng zhǐa box of paper
shàndoors and windows一扇门yī shàn ména door

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