The growth share matrix was created in 1968 by BCG’s founder, Bruce Henderson. It was published in one of BCG’s short, provocative essays, called Perspectives. At the height of its success, the growth share matrix was used by about half of all Fortune 500 companies; today, it is still central in business school teachings on strategy.
The growth share matrix is, put simply, a portfolio management framework that helps companies decide how to prioritize their different businesses. It is a table, split into four quadrants, each with its own unique symbol that represents a certain degree of profitability: question marks, stars, pets (often represented by a dog), and cash cows.
You can see the unique symbols in four quadrants in the following picture. Can you match the Chinese terms with question marks, stars, pets (often represented by a dog), and cash cows?